Date of Issue: September 2, 2004 1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATERIAL AND SUPPLIER Product name Ziram Granuflo Fungicide Other names Product codes and pack sizes Chemical group Recommended use Formulation Supplier
Bayer CropScience Pty Ltd ABN 87 000 226 022
Telephone Facsimile Emergency Telephone Number
1800 033 111 – Orica SH&E Shared Services
2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION EMERGENCY OVERVIEW HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE (see Risk phrases below) – DANGEROUS GOOD Very toxic to aquatic organisms
Hazard classification Hazardous (National Occupational Health and Safety Commission - NOHSC) Risk phrases
R40 (R68) – Possible risks of irreversible effects. R22 – Harmful if swal owed. R36/37/38 – Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.
Safety phrases ADG classification
Classified as “Dangerous goods” according to the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail. Class 9, ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S. (ziram 76%), UN 3077, PG III, Marine Pollutant.
SUSDP classification 6 (Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons) 3. COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Ingredients CAS Concentration(g/kg) Ziram Granuflo Fungicide MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Date of Issue: September 2, 2004 4. FIRST AID MEASURES
If poisoning occurs, immediately contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26), and follow the advice given. Show this Material Safety Data Sheet to the doctor. Inhalation
If inhaled remove to fresh air and keep at rest. If breathing is difficult administer oxygen. If not breathing give artificial respiration and get medical attention as soon as possible.
Carefully remove contaminated clothing. Wash affected areas thoroughly with soap and water. Obtain medical attention. Wash clothing before re-use.
Rinse eyes immediately with clean water for at least 15 minutes and obtain prompt medical attention.
Wash out mouth with water. Keep patient at rest, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre (as above) immediately and transport patient to hospital as soon as possible. Prevent consumption of alcohol.
First Aid Facilities
Ensure washing facilities are available, including an eyewash station.
Ziram is a zinc dimethyl dithiocarbamate. Symptoms of over-exposure include dizziness, confusion, drowsiness, lethargy, ataxia, headaches, or coma; abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea; muscle weakness and ascending paralysis; respiratory paralysis; cough; skin rash and eye irritation. In addition, ziram induces and alcohol intolerance similar to Antabuse (disulfiram), a related dithiocarbamate. Local contamination: Treatment should be symptomatic after decontamination. In case if skin or eye contamination, treat as above under First Aid Measures. Systemic poisoning: There is no specific antidote. Treat symptoms. Gastric lavage, charcoal administration and measures to prevent further absorption are appropriate. Possible mucosal damage may contraindicate gastric lavage. After poisoning with ziram alcohol should be avoided for at least 10 days.
5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
Carbon dioxide, dry chemical, foam, water spray
In a fire, formation of carbon disulfide, oxides of nitrogen and sulphur must be expected.
combustion products Precautions for fire
Dust explosion hazard. Fire fighters should wear full protective gear, including self-contained
breathing apparatus (AS/NZS 1715/1716). Keep unnecessary people away. If it can be done safely, remove intact containers from the fire. Bund area with sand or earth to prevent contamination of drains or waterways. Dispose of extinguishing agent and spillage safely later. Contamination of water bodies should be avoided. Decontaminate protective equipment after use.
Hazchem code Ziram Granuflo Fungicide MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Date of Issue: September 2, 2004 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Avoid contact with spil ed material or contaminated surfaces. Do not smoke, eat or drink during the clean up process. Avoid breathing dust. Eliminate all sources of ignition. Wear personal protective clothing and equipment as detailed in Section 8 PERSONAL PROTECTION, including a respirator. Keep people and animals away. Contain spillage. Avoid creating dust by damping down or taking up with dust-binding material. Prevent spilled material from entering drains or watercourses. Shovel or sweep up, and transfer into plastic drums. Clean floor with a damp cloth and place it in the drum. Seal drums and label ready for safe disposal. Deal with all spil ages immediately. If contamination of drains, streams, watercourses etc. is unavoidable, warn the local water authority. Decontaminate tools and equipment after use. Calcium hypochlorite solution 15% can aid in cleaning used drums. 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
Keep out of reach of children. Poisonous if inhaled. Harmful if swallowed. Product is corrosive.
Attacks eyes and will irritate the skin. Avoid contact with eyes and skin. Repeated exposure may cause allergic disorders. Do not inhale dust or spray mist. If product in eyes, wash it out with immediately with water. After use and before eating, drinking or smoking, wash hands, arms and face thoroughly with soap and water. After each day's use, wash gloves, goggles and contaminated clothing. Keep product away from heat and sources of ignition. Prevent formation of dust.
Store in the tightly closed, original container in a dry, wel -ventilated area, as cool as possible. Do not store for prolonged periods in direct sunlight. Store away from sources of ignition.
Not defined as flammable or combustible, but if a dust forms, dust / air mixtures can be explosive.
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
There are no National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC) exposure
Biological limit values Engineering controls Control process conditions to avoid contact. Use in a well-ventilated area only. Personal Protective Equipment
Cotton overalls buttoned to the neck and wrist and a washable hat
An AS/NZS 1715/1716 approved respirator should be worn if inhalation is
It is important to avoid alcohol prior to and after handling Ziram Granuflo.
Ziram Granuflo Fungicide MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Date of Issue: September 2, 2004 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance: Vapour pressure: Vapour density: Boiling point: Freezing/melting Solubility:
Disperses in water. Ziram is practically insoluble in water.
Bulk density: Flash Point: Flammability (explosive) limits: Auto-ignition temperature: Partition coefficient (octanol/water):
10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Stable under normal conditions of use. .
Conditions to avoid
Excessive heat, sources of ignition. Prevent formation of dust – may cause dust explosion.
Ziram decomposes on heating and in contact with acids. It is incompatible with iron, lime
In a fire, formation of carbon disulfide and oxides of nitrogen and sulphur must be expected.
decomposition products Hazardous reactions
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Ziram is slowly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract or through intact skin. It may be absorbed from the respiratory tract as a dust or mist. Symptoms of over-exposure include dizziness, confusion, drowsiness, lethargy, ataxia, headaches, or coma; abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea; muscle weakness and ascending paralysis; respiratory paralysis; cough; skin rash and eye irritation. Ziram induces alcohol intolerance, resulting in flushing, sweating, headache, weakness and high blood pressure. Inhalation
Poisonous if inhaled. Irritating to respiratory tract.
Skin contact Eye contact Ingestion Ziram Granuflo Fungicide MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Date of Issue: September 2, 2004 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION - continued
ANIMAL TOXICITY DATA - ziram active ingredientAcute: Oral toxicity Dermal toxicity Inhalation toxicity
LC50 rat: 0.13 mg/L – 4 hour . Respirable ziram is highly toxic by inhalation. However, this
product is a granular solid that will not form respirable dust under normal handling conditions.
Not irritating (rabbit). Irritating in humans.Mucous membrane
Highly irritating to eyes and mucous membranes (rabbit) irritation Sensitisation Chronic: Long term or repeated exposure to ziram may affect the central nervous system, may cause metabolic and blood abnormalities, liver damage and dermatitis. Ziram gave positive results in some mutagenicity tests. Some reproductive and teratogenic effects were noted in rats, but are not expected in humans at normal exposure levels. Ziram is not classifiable as a human carcinogen (IARC). The thyroid is a target organ. 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
This product is very toxic to aquatic organisms. Low hazard to bees. Repellent to birds and rodents. Dangerous to fish and wildlife. DO NOT contaminate streams, rivers or waterways with Ziram or the used containers. Ecotoxicity
Ziram: Fish toxicity: LC50 (96 h) rainbow trout 1.9 mg/L
Daphnia toxicity: EC50 (48 h) Daphnia magna 0.048 mg/L
Bird toxicity: Acute oral LD50 bobwhite quail 97 mg/kg
Ziram is unlikely to leach. It does not accumulate in soil. In soil aerobic DT50 = 42 hours.
persistence and degradability, mobility
13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Rinse containers before disposal. Add rinsings to spray tank. Do not dispose of undiluted chemicals on site. Puncture and bury empty containers in a local authority landfil . If no landfill is available, bury the containers below 500 mm in a disposal pit specifically marked and set up for this purpose clear of waterways, desirable vegetation and tree roots. Empty containers and product should not be burnt. Unwanted product should be disposed of by a reputable waste disposal contractor. Ziram Granuflo Fungicide MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Date of Issue: September 2, 2004 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
UN number Proper shipping
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S. (ziram 76%)
name Class and Subsidiary Risk Packing Group
47 Dangerous Goods – Initial Emergency Response Guide
Hazchem code Marine Pollutant
Yes – according to European classification. Ziram is not on the IMDG list of Marine Pollutants.
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
Registered according to the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1988 Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority approval number: 47127 See also Section 2. 16. OTHER INFORMATION
Ziram Granuflo is a Trademark of Taminco.
information Preparation information
Reasons for revision: Risk phrases, 16 heading format, Dangerous Goods classification, alcohol intolerance, medical attention, toxicological information, ecological information.
This MSDS summarises our best knowledge of the health and safety hazard information of the product and how to safely handle and use the product in the workplace. Each user should read this MSDS and consider the information in the context of how the product will be handled and used in the workplace including in conjunction with other products. If clarification or further information is needed to ensure that an appropriate risk assessment can be made, the user should contact this company. Our responsibility for products sold is subject to our standard terms and conditions, a copy of which is sent to our customers and is also available on request.
Ziram Granuflo Fungicide
Direct-to-Consumer Prescription Drug Ads: TheTreatment OptionsThe pharmaceutical industry is currently ranked the most profitable industry in theUS by Fortune magazine. Billions of dollars are spent there every year marketing andadvertising prescription drugs directly to consumers, where direct-to-consumer (DTC)advertising is allowed. It is not surprising, then, that DTC advertising of prescri
CURRICULUM VITAE B323 Clinical Center Bldg., Dept. of Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 Endocrinology and Metabolism, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI M.D. (Internal Medicine) Post Doctoral Degree in Medicine All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India - May 1967 American Board of Internal Medicine - Internal Med