Microsoft word - cheyanne noland swine booklet.doc
There are many different aspects to showmanship. First thing you must do is prepare your animal at home before you ever get to fair.
A couple of days after you purchase your animal you need to go out to its pen and try and rub on it, scratch it and just make it friendly. At least forty five days out you need to start walking your swine.
Walk it a short distance to begin with and gradually start walking it
longer and longer. Walk it every day. At home you want to have
washed your pig. Washing your pig will make it friendlier and it will stay cleaner. When it comes to clipping your animal you can
either slick sheer it 21 to 30 days out or clip it with a guide to a quarter of an inch a week before fair. When you get to fair you need
to keep your hog clean. When you’re in the show ring you need to keep yourself clean. Keep eye contact with the judge at all times.
You must never get between the judge and your animal. Always move slowly throughout the ring even if your pig decides to be a
squirt and run away. Keep fifteen feet away from the judge at all times. Never let your hog touch the judge…that’s a major
deduction. The judge wants to stay un-slimed. Keep your pig out of corners, in front of the judge and out of fights with other pigs.
During showmanship it is very important to have prepared and you know a couple simple questions the judge might ask.
past decade. It is important to remember that AI is a tool that will
Before you purchase your breeding stock you should
install proper living arrangements. There are many different types of fencing you can use to contain swine. You can use
woven wire that is about twenty six to thirty four inches high to
willing to manage and use it properly. One of the disadvantages
where most hogs can not get out, but just to be safe I would put a
of AI is that it may require a higher level of management than a
line of barb wire above the woven wire. Although woven wire
boar. For example, there is a greater chance of human error
and barb wire do work nicely I prefer to use hog panels because
associated with AI than with natural service. When a boar
of their durability and safety. Yes, barb wire and woven wire will
naturally mates a sow, the semen is not subjected to severe
work for your project but hog panels were designed specifically
changes in environment and is generally deposited into the
for swine and you should stick with them.
female more than once during a period that spans the optimal
time for fertilization. In contrast, many environmental changes
Live Cover Versus Artificial Insemination
are possible when semen is collected, diluted, transported and then deposited artificially. The inseminations must be done
correctly and at the optimal times. The estrus cycle in the pig
In live cover you need to have a boar where as in the
averages 21 days but can range from 17 to 25 days. The first day
process called AI you can choose which blood line, boar and
of standing heat, when the female is receptive to the male and
whether he’s a stress carrier or not by just paying for the semen.
will stand to be mounted, is referred to as day 0. The two or three
When you have a stress carrying sow it’s not a good idea to get a
days that the female is receptive is termed estrus.
stress carrying boar because there’s a greater chance of having a
stress carrying baby. When you take a stress carrying baby to fair
sometimes they will turn colors in sensitive spots, like behind its
ears or in its flanks or forearm, and that’s not a good thing. Artificial insemination(AI) in swine is not a new technique. However, use of AI in the United States has skyrocketed in the
When first bringing a show pig home the most important
things are food, water, and shelter to be available after the pig’s
long hard trip to its new home. A pig licker or a dog nipple are
very useful for watering swine when hooking it to a hose. You
Feed (Honor, Sunglow, Ringmaster, Show Master, Bar Ale,
could also use a bucket but it is definitely not as useful. There are
many different types of swine food you can use Honor,
Moormans, Sunglow, Ringmaster, Show Master, Associated, and
Bar Ale, just to name a few. Moormans and Sunglow are of the
highest quality. That does not mean that the others are not good.
Honor, Associated, Ringmaster, Show Master, and Bar Ale are in
the second bracket when dealing with quality. It is important that
you feed a show feed and not commercial feed as the nutrient
Before you bring a pig home you should make sure it has
When picking out your pig you want to look for a pig that
been vaccinated and wormed. It’s important to know when your
has several characteristics: healthy, correct conformation, depth,
breeder vaccinated and wormed your animal so you know how long
width, length, and muscularity. You want the swine to be
until you should do it again. You should worm your pigs every 4-6
healthy. Make sure the pig you select does not have any
weeks. There are a few different types of wormers I prefer to use
respiratory issues, eyes are clear, is not lethargic, does not have a
depending on how many days away from fair you are. My favorite
runny nose, cough or is wheezing. The first thing I look for is
two are Atgard and Ivermectin. Atgard wormer is as simple as
make sure that the hogs are sound. You want your hog to be free
adding it to the hogs food for removal and control of mature and
moving in all its joints. I always have the breeder walk the pig
immature whipworms, nodular worms, large roundworms, and thick
towards and away from me. You want the pig to have a level
stomach worms in swine from the littlest piglet to the largest hog in
back and to be flexible at the hock and knee. The second thing I
your herd. Atgard wormer has no withdrawal time therefore you can
look for is skeletal structure; you want the pig to be skeletally
use it as close to fair as you want and you won’t have a problem.
correct and big boned. Next you want to choose a pig that is deep
Ivermectin has the broadest range of swine parasite control
and wide. When I say deep I mean the length from the bottom of
available in feed. You can also use this wormer in swine of all ages,
its belly to its back. You want your pig to be wide through the
and there’s a five day withdrawal in the feed through and an
shoulders and back and have a wide stance. You want your pig to
eighteen day withdrawal for the injectable. Don’t use that one to close to fair or you will have a problem. It’s important to know
be long from the point of the tail where the dimple is to the nose.
what normal vital signs are. Normal temperature is 101 degrees
Now you look and see how wide its rib cage is. The purpose for
Fahrenheit, normal heart rate is 60-80 beats per minute, and normal
having a wide rib cage is then you know that the animal has a
respiration rate is 30-40 breaths per minute. Knowing your animal
good growing capacity. You also want your hog to have muscle
and his vital signs will help you recognize more quickly if he is ill.
definition. You don’t want it to have leaping muscles when you first pick it out because as it grows that could cause unsoundness.
CHARACTERISTICS TO LOOK FOR!!! Structurally sound No bowed Flat along its top line Legs bend at the hock Level shoulders Deep Long Wide rib cage Structurally correct in skeletal design Muscle definition Dimple Clear eyes Alert, not lethargic No runny nose, no coughing or wheezing Wide throughout shoulders and back
La schizophrénie. 2ème partie. Anomalies structurales macro et microscopiques. Macroscopiquement on a retrouvé une augmentation des espaces liquidiens, une diminution du volume (3%) global de la substance grise et du thalamus. . Narr (2004) a décrit des anomalies de la giration dans les couches corticales préfrontales droites. Histologiquement c’est la réduction du volume des
Etiology and Management of Chylothorax Following Pediatric Heart Surgery Michael Milonakis, M.D., Andrew C. Chatzis, M.D., Nikolaos M. Giannopoulos, M.D., Constantinos Contrafouris, M.D., Dimitrios Bobos, M.D., George V. Kirvassilis, M.D., and George E. Sarris, M.D. Department of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center,Athens, Greece ABSTRACT Background: Chyl