Web-technologies in pharmacy
A virtual pharmacy is that has a presence in the virtual world or
(World Wide Web). They vary from simply an expansion of land based pharmacies likoin the United States who needed to add the capability to serve patients from the comfort of their home, to completely virtual examples that refer patient’s prescriptions to various land based pharmacies throughout the globe, this process is similar toThe consumer basically finds their favorite virtual pharmacy through search engines likoexplains their symptoms, look at the recommended drugs and fills out an online questionnaire that is forwarded to doctor for approval. If the doctor approves the patient’s request he writes a and forwards it to nearby pharmacy who then ships it the patient, sometimes in as little as 18 hours. Virtual pharmacies are booming businesses online Often virtual pharmacies will employ several certified pharmacists and who review your request, then fills your prescription, and dispense the drugs, usually within a day or so. These services are provided from a remote site, while using technology, in this the order is accessed by the web browser and filled by the After they have filled the prescription, the medications are shipped overnight via these also help in providing online care without a visit to the Advantages and benefits
A wide selection of drugs, free medical consultation, free and speedy shipping, and unbelievably low prices, really low prices for online drugs, no online consulting fees, are a few of the benefits to be derived from a virtual pharmacy. All you have to do is go online, find the site, browse the different medications available, prices and categories of the drugs online, without restrictions, or a prior prescription. You just click on youand a variety of drugs instantly appear with the description and prices, all you have to do is choose the one you want click on it and select “buy”. In doing this you eliminate the prescription fee, the long waits in line, visit to the doctor, Disadvantages and dangers
But on the negative side, virtual pharmacies sometimes importdrugs into the US drug supply; these importations may also damage drug safety on an international level. They also import cheap foreign replicas of many (FDA) approved drugs; this can pose a serious health risk to consumers. The dispensation of drugs from a pharmacist to a person they don’t know or have not seen, can prove to be very dangerous. Many of these imported drugs are also orand stored under unsafe or inappropriate conditions. The drugs which are dispensed without a prescription by a doctor eliminates the possibility of being checked by a licensed professional, and treated accordingly, resulting in patients not receiving appropriate medications, and not being aware of the dangers associated with improper administration. Another drawback to using an online pharmacy is, that you get what you buy, there is no way for you to return it, as there is no forwarding FDA opinion
The FDA conducted a survey in early 2000, and found out that there are almost 300 or 400 internet sites which are marketing prescription drugs to end users, half of these are domestic, and the other half with locations outside the US. They have taken the position that the end users are at risk if they purchase prescription drugs from virtual pharmacies, which are not licensed within the state pharmacy law. The FDA has also banned the importation of unapprovedanddrugs from the US, and is unable to monitor the huge volumes of importations into the country on a daily basis. They are unable to take action against these virtual pharmacies, as they are not aware of the physical location of the pharmacies. Legality
Virtual pharmacies are not registered with th (DEA) but, when the laws are followed, each and every pharmacist or doctor that writes or fills a prescription through a referral from a virtual pharmacy IS personally licensed. Often the foreign based pharmacies, specifically out oandhave no legal basis and are violating numerous federal laws and are at risk of being convicted for drug trafficking. On the flip side, the prescribing and filling of non-controlled drugs in the US is still legal, most of the pharmacies are registered with the DEA and a licensed US doctor looks over the medical questionnaire and determine whether or not patients can Controlled (Scheduled) Drugs - are classified as medications which are often ranging from widely illegal drugs likoto diet pills like generior Adipex-P. It is illegal to purchase any DEA scheduled drugs without a prescription some even to process them period. There are thousands of which are all registered by the DEA. The severity of the control lever ranges for I to VIII, i.e., I and II being completely illegal to process even with a prescription, III to VIII only requiring a prescription written by a doctor whom the Non-controlled drugs
(OTC) medications such asand mild analgesics used in the temporary relief of There are also a number of drugs that DO require a prescription but not a personal doctor patient relationship or recent physical within the Timeline
Past and present
Currently, the FDA and DEA are trying to cut down on the amount of unregulated shipment of drugs to the US. And as soon as they are able to get that under control, the future of the many virtual pharmacies popping up all over the internet will be addressed. Many of the popular pharmacies and drug store chains like CVS, Walgreensetc. began jumping in head first to create a presence in the virtual world. CVS being the first to open and operate a virtual pharmacy in 1999 with Soon aftreleased their own site and went public on Feb. 27th, 1999, they immediately claimed to be the world largest Pharmacy/Drugstore because they were able to offer so many products and prescriptions virtually at consumers fingertips without the cost of storing them at individual retail locations. And many of these pharmacies have made part of their web pag pharmaceutical processing centers and e-pharmacies. There is currently no law which states that it can be licensed or regulated, and until this is done, they will remain anonymous online suppliers of drugs. However that does not stop them from being a sought-after alternative to a doctor’s visit, prescriptions and hassles in getting the drug you require. Quantity
An FDA report in early 2000 suggested there are approx 300-400 virtual pharmacies in operation. A similar report revealed there are now over 2000 in existence today and are continuing to grow rapidly. Literature
Jerry Fahrni. Cool technology for pharmacy – Practice Fusion EMR. Koutnik-Fotopoulos Eileen. Technologies improve pharmacy services. Apr. 7,


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