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Tension-free vaginal tape (tvt) – information for patients

Endoscopy Team
Information for Patients

Having a Gastroscopy – Information for Patients

What is a Gastroscopy?
You have been advised to have a gastroscopy to help find the cause of your symptoms.
A gastroscopy is a technique to look directly into your gullet (oesophagus), stomach and f irst
part of the small bowel (duodenum) to help find out what is causing your problems.
It also allows samples of tissue (biopsy) to be taken painlessly for testing later.
The endoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a bright light on the end that is passed through the
mouth and down into the stomach.
What are the risks associated with this procedure?
Bloating and abdominal discomfort is not unusual You may have a sore throat for 24 hours. Bleeding or perforation of the oesophagus are a very rare complication (less than 1/10000) but may require an operation to repair the damage. Using sedation can cause breathing complications in up to 1 in 200 procedures, which usually are not serious. No test is 100% accurate and abnormalities may be The person doing the test will discuss with you any worries you have about the risks
associated with this procedure.

What are the benefits of this procedure?
The procedure is to help diagnose your problem. Like all tests, this is not guaranteed to
demonstrate all abnormalities and on rare occasions conditions are not identified.

What are the alternatives?
This is the best form of examination of your stomach lining. Sometimes a barium swallow or
barium meal is the alternative investigation ordered.
Version 4, Next Review Date 30 November 2013 Information for Patients

Preparing for a Gastroscopy
Please read the information enclosed carefully. If you have any queries, contact the unit
where you will be having your procedure. Also enclosed is a consent form, again pl ease read
this carefully but do not fill in the details but please bring it with you to your appointment.
If you are currently taking any stomach tablets e.g.
Ranitidine (ZANTAC) Cimetidine (TAGAMET) Nizatidine (AXID) Omeprazole (LOSEC) Lansoprazole (ZOTON) Pantoprazole (PROTIUM) Rabeprazole (PARIET) Esomeprazole (NEXIUM)
You should stop taking them for two weeks before your gastroscopy if time allows. (If we
are repeating your gastroscopy you should continue to take your tablets).
You may
continue to take antacids i.e. Gaviscon or Asilone if required but not within three hours of your
test. You may continue to take any other medication.
If you are diabetic or on warfarin or pregnant please contact the unit as soon as possible
because you may need further information. Please bring any medication you are currently
taking (including sprays and inhalers) with you to your appointment. If you are taking a
number of tablets please bring in your repeat prescription sheet.
To allow a clear view the stomach must be empty, so please follow these instructions:
Do not have anything to eat for at least four hours before the test Do not drink milk for four hours before your test. Milk will line the stomach and not You may drink clear fluids (water, black tea or black coffee) up to two hours before the
When you arrive at the hospital
Please report to the reception desk where a receptionist will check your details and direct you
to the waiting area.
Please be aware the appointment time you have been given, will be your admission time.
Your procedure will be carried out as near to this time as possible however on occasions due
to emergency patients being seen, this may be delayed.
Please do not bring any valuables to the hospital with you Please do not wear any nail varnish, lipstick or jewellery (tongue studs must be Please bring a contact number of a relative or friend with you. A nurse will then explain the procedure to you, to make sure you understand the benefits, and possible risks as detailed in this leaflet. The staff will want you to be as relaxed as possible and will not mind answering your questions. Having a Gastroscopy Version 4, Next Review Date 30 November 2013 Information for Patients
Provided you are happy for the procedure to be performed, you will be asked to sign the
consent form (which has been sent with this information) to confirm your understanding of the
procedure. You will be offered a copy of this.
This form also asks for your consent to further procedures that may be necessary, including
taking tissue samples (biopsies) that may be helpful in diagnosing your problem. Tissue may
be used for research but you can request that no removed samples be used for this purpose
on your consent form.
Just before the procedure you will also see the person who will be performing the test and
provided you are happy for the procedure to be performed, they will ask you to confirm your
agreement and they will also sign your consent form.
If you need the help of an interpreter to understand any of this information, or on the day of
the procedure, please contact the unit where you will be having the test, as soon as possible.
Please note relatives/friends or children should not be used as interpreters when you are
required to sign your consent form. You should contact the Endoscopy Unit who will arrange
for an interpreter to be present.
Privacy & Dignity
Delivering same-sex accommodation is a long standing commitment in the NHS as part of the
drive to deliver the best possible experience for all patients (DOH 2007). Endoscopy Units
within the Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, maintain these standards either by
operating single sex areas or single sex days.
Eliminating mixed sex accommodation is our priority except where it is in the overall best
interests of the patient, i.e. in an emergency (they have a life threatening condition) or where
delays to that patients treatment would mean deterioration in their condition. Should a patient
of the opposite sex require such urgent care during your visit, we will ensure your privacy and
dignity is maintained by screening off the patient of the opposite sex
On occasions medications are used during this procedure, which are known as ‘off shelf’. This
means medicines that are used for clinical situations which fall outside of the terms of their
Summary of Products Characteristics. The use of medicines in this way is seen as a
legitimate aspect of clinical practice and is often necessary in many areas of medicine. For
further information concerning the use of ‘off shelf’ drugs, please log onto the Medicines and
Healthcare product Regulatory Agency (MHRA) website.
During the test
You will not have to undress but you must remove dentures, glasses or contact lenses and
loosen tight clothing around the neck.
In the examination room you will be made comfortable on the couch resting on your left side.
A nurse will stay with you throughout the procedure. To keep your mouth slightly apart, a
plastic mouthpiece will be put gently between your teeth. When the person doing the test
passes the endoscope into your stomach it will not cause pain, nor will it interfere with your
breathing. The whole examination usually takes less than 10 minutes. You can have the
procedure done using either a local aneasthetic (throat spray) or sedation.
Version 4, Next Review Date 30 November 2013 Information for Patients

Throat spray
This procedure is usually carried out using a throat spray, which will be applied to the back of
the throat to numb it. As the gastroscopes have become thinner, many patients are happy for
the procedure to be carried out without sedation and to have throat spray instead. The benefit
of choosing throat spray is that you are fully conscious and aware, and you can go home
unaccompanied almost immediately after the procedure. You are permitted to drive and carry
on your day as normal.
You will not be able to have anything to EAT or DRINK for about an hour, until the
effects of the spray have worn off.
After this you will be able to eat and drink normally.
Sedation and oxygen

The procedure is normally done without sedation. If you have sedation it will be given through
a small needle in the back of your hand or in your arm. Sedation will make you slightly drowsy
and relaxed but not unconscious. You will be in a state called co-operative sedation. This
means that although drowsy you will still hear what is said to you and you will be able to
following simple instructions during the procedure.
You will be given oxygen through small tubes placed gently in your nostrils or through the
plastic guard in your mouth. A clip will be attached to a finger or ear-lobe so that the levels of
oxygen in the blood can be monitored. Your blood pressure may also be measured
automatically during the procedure using a small cuff around your arm
Please note that we will not be able to give you sedation if you do not have a responsible
adult to collect you and stay with you for 24 hours following your procedure.
Further information
Training doctors and other health professionals is essential to the continuation of the NHS,
and improving the quality of care. Your treatment may provide an important opportunity for
such training under the careful supervision of a senior doctor. You can, however, decline to
be involved in the formal training of medical and other students - this won’t affect your care
and treatment.
Going home after you have received sedation
After the test you will remain in the unit to rest for about an hour. It is essential that a
responsible adult comes to pick you up from the unit and accompanies you home by car or
taxi – public transport is not suitable.
Please note the unit closes at 6pm. Your relative/friend should arrive no later than 5.30pm to
collect you.
When you arrive home, it is important to rest quietly for the remainder of the day, with
someone to look after you for 24 hours. It is advisable to have the following day off work but in
any event for the first 24 hours following sedation DO NOT:
Drive a car Drink alcohol Take sleeping tablets Operate any machinery or electrical items – even a kettle Sign any legally binding documents Version 4, Next Review Date 30 November 2013 Information for Patients
Work at heights (including climbing ladders or onto chairs)
Sedation can impair your reflexes and judgement.
When will I know the results?
Before discharge from the unit, the nurse who has been looking after you will be able to give
you a brief outline of the test results. If a biopsy has been done, the laboratory results will take
longer, about 10 – 14 days. You will be given a Patient Centred Report with the outcome of
your test written on it.
The nurse will advise you to discuss the details of the results and any necessary treatment
with your GP or hospital specialist. If you have any questions about the test, please contact
the unit where you will be having your gastroscopy.

To contact us by telephone before your appointment:

Solihull Endoscopy Unit
Monday to Friday 8.30am to 5.30pm. Excluding Bank holidays.
An answer phone is available on 0121 424 5394 for you to leave your name, telephone
number and message. We will return your call.

Heartlands Endoscopy Unit
Monday to Friday 8:30am to 5.30pm. Excluding Bank holidays.
Nursing/Medical enquiries
0121 424 0438
0121 424 0430

Good Hope Hospital - Scoping Suite Treatment Centre
Monday to Friday 8:30am to 5.30pm. Excluding Bank holidays.
Telephone: 0121 424 7155
Diabetic / Warfarin patients please contact 0121 424 9506.
For non urgent messages an out of hours answerphone is available. If you leave a message
and your contact details a member of staff will contact you when the department re-opens.

If you are unable to keep your appointment please telephone the appropriate number
as soon as possible so the appointment can be allocated to another patient.
Additional Sources of Information:

You can go online and view NHS Choices website for more information about a wide range of
health topics
You may want to visit one of our Health Information Centres located in: Main Entrance at Birmingham Heartlands Hospital Tel: 0121 424 2280 Treatment Centre at Good Hope Hospital Tel: 0121 424 9946 or contact us by email:


Version 4, Next Review Date 30 November 2013 Information for Patients
Our commitment to confidentiality
We keep personal and clinical information about you to ensure you receive appropriate care
and treatment. Everyone working in the NHS has a legal duty to keep information about you
confidential.
We will always ask you for your consent if we need to use information that identifies you. We
will share information with other parts of the NHS to support your healthcare needs, and we
will inform your GP of your progress unless you ask us not to. You can help us by pointing
out any information in your records which is wrong or needs updating.
Dear Patient
We welcome your views on what you liked and suggestions for how things could be improved at this hospital. If you would like to tell us and others about your experience please make your comments through one of the following sites:- NHS Choice:- Patient Opinion:- I want great care:- (Here you can leave feedback about your Be helpful and respectful: think about what people might want to know about this hospital or how your experiences might benefit others. Remember your words must be polite and respectful, and you cannot name individuals on the NHS Choice or Patient Opinion sites. If you have any questions you may want to ask about your condition or treatment, or
anything you do not understand or wish to know more about, write them down and
your doctor will be more than happy to try and answer them for you.

Version 4, Next Review Date 30 November 2013

Source: http://www.generalsurgerybirmingham.co.uk/Images2/having%20a%20gastroscopy.pdf

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