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Garden tips from the cheyenne botanic garden

Garden Tips from the Cheyenne Botanic Gardens version 9302011 Support the Gardens with your membership and donations 710 S. Lions Park Dr. Cheyenne WY 82001 www.botanic.org Plants made for the shade – By Shane Smith, Steve Scott, Sue Whetten
It is always nice to have a yard that has matured with tall trees that provide a cool canopy of leaves
overhead. They protect you and your yard from the hot summer sun. You have also gained some
protection from the wind and elements while enhancing your yard. There is one drawback to all that
shade, you are then limited to what you can grow in shady spots. Sun-loving annuals, perennials and most
vegetables no longer thrive as the shade encroaches upon your yard. Even if your yard has yet to have tall
trees you always have a few spots where the sun doesn't reach. Shade can be found on the north side of a
fence or a wall, or between you and your neighbor's house.
What to do? It's time to find some plants that can do well in the shade.
Annuals for the shade
One of the most touted shade loving plants is impatiens. While impatiens are indeed shade loving, they
are slow to establish in Cheyenne mostly because they abhor wind and cool nights. They do best in
protected locations and even then don't start looking full until late July or early August.
A favorite of mine that does well in light shade is the pansy. While they are often treated as an perennial
they are best treated as an annual, planted every year. Snapdragons can also tolerate light shade.
Begonias always can tolerate shade well in Cheyenne. Other less common annuals for shady spots
include: browallia, coleus, mimulus, forget-me-nots, and violas. With good wind protection and taking
care to wait until cool nights are over, you can have some luck growing impatiens, caladiums and calla
lilies
.

Perennials for the shade
There are some excellent choices for shade loving perennials. One of our favorites is Bleeding heart,
which has fascinating flowers that live up to their name but only bloom for a few weeks. Delphiniums
with their tall blue spikes can tolerate partial shade although too much might result in legginess and
mildew. The echinacea (cone flower) can also tolerate some partial shading and has a beautiful pink,
daisy-like flower in late summer. Columbine grows well in shade but blooms best if it gets a little sun
during the day. In many catalogs and books echinacea is listed for a sunny spot but it also does well in
light shade of the high altitude garden where the sun is more intense. The lily-of-valley with its tiny
fragrant bloom even grows under evergreen trees. Vinca minor, also called "periwinkle" is an ideal
ground cover under trees although it can be hard to establish. Vinca grows in a covers the ground with
glossy green leaves with a blue flower appearing in spring.
Less common shade-loving perennials include:
primroses (great spring flowers)
mertensia (blue bell type flowers)
monarda (prefers half-shade and you must grow mildew resistant varieties)
stachys or lamb ears (needs partial sun)
thalictrum or meadow rue with powder puff like flowers
campanulas with bell-shaped flowers
pulmonaria or lungwort which is slug resistant spring blooms and variegated foliage
polygonatum or Solomon seal with dainty bell shaped flowers
Page 2 - Made in the Shade

Bergenia a plant with large, leathery leaves and, bell-shaped spring flowers produced in clusters
Tiarella also known as Foamflower and False Miterwort very hardy with some interesting foliage
Polemonium or Jacob’s ladder with fern like foliage and blue, white and pink flowers
Aconitum or monkshood a native wildflower with a very unique hooded shaped flower
Phlox stolonifera a low growing and spreading plant with purple to violet flowers
Tricyrtis or Toad lily has showy foliage with showy, welcome late summer flowers
Asarum canadense or Wild Ginger with heart shaped leaves and purple-brown cup shaped flowers
When you are purchasing flowering plants for a shady place try buying the varieties with lighter colored
flowers because they will show up better in the shade.
In especially dark, shady places it is particularly hard to get plants to bloom. This might be a good place
for perennials with interesting foliage. I have had good luck growing hostas, also known as the "plantain
lily." It has attractive wide leaves and can be found with stripes, green and bluish foliage. However,
hostas can start to look a bit ragged by the end of the summer if not well cared for.
Plants for dry shady areas
Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum) with a ground cover growth habit has the scent of a new mown hay.
Creeping grapeholly (Mahonia repens) is somewhat woody but great in the back of a flower garden and
holds its leaves into the winter. Hermann's Pride a.k.a. 'Dead Nettle' (Lamium galeobdolon) has
interesting variegated foliage and some fascinating small pink and white blooms. Don’t leave out the
many new choices of Coral Bells (Heuchera) which gets a dainty scarlet spike of flowers and continues
to bloom all summer. Coral Bells comes in many species some of which besides a green leaved variety
also have reddish, bronze or plum leaves and the newer varieties have an interesting variegation along the
veins. Coral bells also have red, pink and white flowers borne on small spikes.
Ferns for shade
Ferns
are also a great way to deal with the shade. It almost looks out of place to see a fern growing on the
high plains, but will grow fine here if you grow the right types. They love the north side of buildings,
mulched beds and regular water but don’t have to be soaked as some might think. The ostrich fern is a
good choice for Cheyenne. The "Colorado male" fern is also extremely hardy. Both types can grow up
to two feet high and can even spread. I received my ferns from a neighbor who was being inundated with
them spreading under her junipers. Ferns add an interesting texture that can make a corner of your yard
look lush and almost sub-tropical. They prefer rich soil and a fair amount of moisture.
Even a few vegetables can tolerate some shade
Most vegetables are best grown in sunny spots. However, you can get some limited production of salad
greens in semi-shady spots. Spinach, lettuce and chard are your best bets. Try planting a little closer
together than usual.
Shady places are often viewed as "difficult places" but in our sunny climate, shade is a valued and often
restful place. It's also a great place to put a few chairs or hang a hammock and relax. With a little
planning we can make our shady nooks the most interesting parts of the garden.
A sampling of some more shade loving perennial plants
found at the Cheyenne Botanic Gardens woodland shade garden
Genus, Species
Common Name
Origin & Information
Anemone X hybrida (japonica)
Robustissima Japanese
Asia - Long-lived, fibrous-rooted perennial
'Robustissima'
indespensable for fall flower color, gracefull 2-4'H branching stems rise from a clump of dark green 3-5 lobed leaves covered with soft hairs, large cup-shaped pink flowers with a large golden center crown. Heuchera americana
Chocolate Ruffles Coral
Central U.S. - Evergreen perennial
'Chocolate Ruffles'
groundcover. Valued for its ornamental leaves. Flowers are insignificant. Chocolate bronze foliage makes an impact all season long. 10" H X 12" W. Full sun / part shade. Amend soil with organic matter for best results. Water regularly during the growing season, but avoid winter wetness. Heuchera americana 'Dale's
Dale's Strain Coral Bells
Central US - A coral bell grown for its superb
Strain'
foliage, medium green with silver, bronze and pewter coloring, long spikes of cream flowers in early summer. 1-2'H X 1-2'W, partial sun, moderate to regular water. Hosta hybrids
Plantain Lily
Eastern Asia - Hardy perennials grown for
spectacular foliage. Basal leaves form mounds
ranging in size from a few inches to 3'H X 5'W.
Leaves may be glossy or dull, with a smooth,
quilted or puckery texture.
Lamium (Lamiastrum)
Herman's Pride Dead
Europe, temperate Asia - Clump forming
galeobdolon 'Hermann's Pride'
herbaceous perennial with long sharply tapered leaves that are marked with white spots and streaks. Late spring yellow flowers that are not showy. The flowers and foliages are said to stop hemorrhaging. Lamium maculatum 'Shell
Shell Pink Spotted Dead
Europe, western Asia – Perennial, ground
Pink'
cover with pink flowers and silvery gray leaves. Partial or full shade, regular water. Pulmonaria saccharata 'May
May Bouquet Bethlehem
Europe - A perennial with white spotted
Bouquet'
leaves. The flowers begin as a pink bloom then change to a blue. It prefers part-shade to shade in a moist location. 10"H X 20"W. Attractive to hummingbirds. Pulmonaria saccharata
Bethlehem sage, Lungwort
Europe - Shade-loving perennial with large,
'Mrs.Moon'
elliptical leaves spotted silver, pink flowers aging to blue in early spring. Partial or full shade, regular water, rich organic soil. Sedum telephium 'Frosty Morn' Frosty Morn Stonecrop
Eastern Europe to Japan – Succulent
perennial with fleshy variegated white and jade
green leaves, light pink flowers in late summer,
18-24"H. Partial shade to shade, regular to
moderate water.
Tiarella X hybrid 'Dark Star'
Foam Flower
Eurasia - Shade loving perennial with white
blooms in June. 10 -12" H X 12 - 24" W.
Regular water in high organic soil.
Foliage for the Shade By Sue Whetten horticulturist and landscape designer. Former staff horticulturist at the Cheyenne
Botanic Gardens in Cheyenne, Wyoming.

When picking plants for shady areas I look for more than a tolerance to the shade. I also want plants that will lighten the
darkness. Perennials with white or silver leaves become little beacons of soft light. Foliage that is a color other than green also
adds interest to the space. The flowers, which only bloom for part of the season, are an added bonus rather than my main focus
in choosing plants.
1. Mrs. Moon Bethlehem Sage (Lungwort)
NAME: Pulmonaria saccharata ‘Mrs. Moon’
USDA HARDINESS ZONES: 3 to 7
SIZE: 12 inches tall and 24 inches wide
CONDITIONS: Partial or full shade in dry to moist soil
This plant looks like someone splattered silver paint onto the leaves from a wet brush. Each leaf is a long lance full of prickly
hairs with a few leaves flipped over to show pale green undersides. As the plant expands, multiple centers overlap each other in
a lazy pattern of swirls. In the spring, clusters of silky pink flowers fade to a soft blue that complements the bluish undertones of
the foliage.
2. Herman’s Pride False Dead Nettle, Yellow Archangel
NAME: Lamiastrum galeobdoion ‘Herman’s Pride (also sold as Lamium galeobdoion)
USDA HARDINESS ZONES: 3 to 9
SIZE: 10 inches to 12 inches tall and 24 inches wide
CONDITIONS: Part sun to shade in any soil type.
Small leaves on a short plant, yet the best word to describe it is bold There is such a high contrast between the silver body of
the leaves and the green veins and margins, that it stands out even in a mixed bed full of bright flowers. When it blooms in late
spring, the pure yellow of the small flowers make it even more eye-catching. While some have trouble keeping it under control,
in our harsh climate, it only looks bold, but behaves meekly.
3. Marmalade Coral Bell
NAME: Heuchera ‘Marmalade’
USDA HARDINESS ZONES: 4 to 9
SIZE: 12 inches to 18 inches tall and wide
CONDITIONS: Partial shade in any regular to moist soil.
Picture an open jar of marmalade on your table. The color is pale orange, but also includes shades of honey, amber, even
sienna. Those are the colors found on these maple shaped leaves, plus a pale green. Some of the leaves are bathed in a single
color. Others, on the same plant, are a jumble of all of the colors. The summertime flower spikes are reddish brown, which may
not sound pretty, but work well with the foliage and give cut-flower arrangements a contemporary look
4. Jack Frost Brunnera
NAME: Brunnera macrophylla ‘Jack Frost’
USDA HARDINESS ZONES: 3 to 7
SIZE: 12 inches to 15 inches tall and 24 inches wide
CONDITIONS: Morning sun only to shade in moist soil
Heart shaped leaves, many of which are larger than my hand, look lightly dusted with an even coat of silver. Beautiful bluish-
green veins and leaf margins shows through the silver. In the spring it has blue forget-me-not flowers. I use this plant as an
accent with just a few spaced among sweeps of other plants.
5. Elegans Hosta (Plantain lily)
Name: Hosta sieboldiana ‘Elegans’
USDA HARDINESS ZONES: 3 to 8
SIZE: 18 inches to 30 inches tall and 36 inches wide
Conditions: Partial shade to shade
One of the largest hostas, this one has deep smoky blue foliage with a slight hint of frost. The heart shaped leaves have deeply defined veins. They remind me of hand-held paddle fans. White flower rise above the leaves on long stems. Some gardeners remove the flowers to keep the focus on the leaves. Slugs love hostas, but this one usually is left untouched.

Source: http://www.botanic.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Shade1.pdf

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